Ammonium Polynaphthalenesulfonate
Time: 2015-08-22 13:33:31
Ammonium Polynaphthalenesulfonate
Synonyms
Naphthalenesulfonic acid, polymer with formaldehyde, ammonium salt;
Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde polymer, ammonium salt;
Category
Anionic Surfactant
>> Sulfonate
>> Aryl Sulfonate
>> Naphthyl Sulfonate
>> Naphthalenesulfonic acid - Formaldehyde Polymer
Chemical Numbering System
CASRN9069-80-1
EINECSN/A
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: N/A
Molecular Weight: N/A
Structure
Schematic formula:
Properties
Appearance    (1), powder.
Solubility    soluble in water.
Stability    unstable in alkali, releases ammonia.
Risk    Solid form: flammable material; irritation, moderate irritation to skin, eye, respiratory. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.
GHS (Rev.6) label:  
Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability    to a certain extent, biodegradable.
Characteristics    excellent dispersing, emulsifying, wetting abilities. Certain resistance to inorganic electrolytes.
Synthesis
Naphthalenesulfonic acid and formaldehyde react through the polycondensation reaction, then ammonia water neutralizes, finally obtain product.
Quality Standards & Test Methods
1. Physical and chemical indexes
Item
Physical and chemical indexes
Solid
Actives, %, ≥
85.0
pH (25°C, 1%)
3.0 - 7.0
Test Methods
(1), Actives
 
(2), pH
GB/T 6368 Surface active agents - Determination of pH of aqueous solution - Potentiometric method
ISO 4316 Surface active agents -- Determination of pH of aqueous solutions -- Potentiometric method
2. Hazardous substances indexes
Item
Hazardous substances indexes
Solid
Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤
20
As, mg/Kg, ≤
3
Test Methods
(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals
(2), As
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic
3. Further explanation
(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.
Major Uses
1. Typical applications
Use as dispersing agent.
Use as emulsifying agent, emulsion stabilizer.
2. Textile, printing and dyeing
Use as dispersing agent, leveling agent.
Has a good ability to protect colloid, non-permeating, non-foaming.
Affinity for protein and polyamide fibers; no affinity for cotton fibers.
3. Dye
Dispersing agent, leveling agent in disperse dyes, reactive dyes, vat dyes widely. can be grinded with dyes.
4. Concrete
Water-reducing agent in concrete industry.
5. Agriculture
Dispersing agent in pesticide.
Manufacturers
 
Update: 20170409(1);