C.I. Food Yellow 3
Time: 2015-09-09 17:21:35
C.I. Food Yellow 3
Sunset yellow;
CI 15985;
2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, 6-hydroxy-5-((4-sulfophenyl)azo)-, disodium salt;
Anionic Surfactant
>> Sulfonate
>> Azo Sulfonate
>> Azo Dye
Chemical Numbering System
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C16H10N2Na2O7S2; C16H12N2O7S2.2Na
Molecular Weight: 452.37
Appearance    (1), solid.
Solubility    soluble in water.
Stability    stable.
Physical - chemical properties
Water solubility, g/L
190 (25°C)[1]
Risk    Solid form: flammable material; irritation, irritation to skin, eye, respiratory system. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.
GHS (Rev.6) label:  
Animal Toxicity
Table 1 Animal toxicity values
mouse intraperitoneal LD50
mouse oral LD50
> 6000mg/kg[2]
rat intraperitoneal LD50
rat oral LD50
> 10000mg/kg[2]
Overall carcinogenic evaluation: Group 3[2].
Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability    biodegradable.
Characteristics    excellent masking, dispersing abilities.
Quality Standards & Test Methods
1. Physical and chemical indexes
Physical and chemical indexes
Actives, %, ≥
Test Methods
(1), Actives
2. Hazardous substances indexes
Hazardous substances indexes
Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤
As, mg/Kg, ≤
Test Methods
(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals
(2), As
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic
3. Product standards
(1), Chinese standards
(1a), GB 6227.1 Food safety national standard - Food additive - Sunset yellow
4. Further explanation
(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.
(b), Used in cosmetics, should be test for harmful substances; or furtherly test for microorganisms.
Major Uses
1. Typical Applications
Use as dye.
2. Personal care products
Dye in personal care products.
*  *  *  *  *  *
Further information:
(1), In accordance with EU regulations (EC) No 1223/2009, directive 88/667/EEC, be included in Annex IV/31.
Can be used in personal care products.
(2), In accordance with Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition):
Can be used in personal care products.
In raw materials, other material limitations are as follows:
The total contents of 4-aminobenzene-1-sulfonic acid, 3-hydroxynaphthalene- 2,7-disulfonic acid, 6-hydroxynaphthalene-2-sulfonic acid, 7-hydroxynaphthalene-1,3-disulfonic acid and 4,4’-diazoaminodi(benezene sulfonic acid) are not more than 0.5%.
The content of 6,6’-oxydi(2-naphthalene sulfonic acid) disodium salt is not more than 1.0%.
The content of unsulfonated aromatic primary amine is not more than 0.01% (as aniline).
3. Food
Use as colorant.
[1]: HSDB. 2783-94-0, C.I. Food Yellow 3
[2]: ChemIDplus. 2783-94-0, C.I. Food Yellow 3
Update: 20171208(1);