Polyoxyethylene Propenyl Nonylphenyl Ether Ammonium Sulfate
Time: 2012-09-27 17:19:07
Polyoxyethylene Propenyl Nonylphenyl Ether Ammonium Sulfate
Synonyms
 
Category
Anionic Surfactant
>> Sulfate
>> Phenol Polyether Sulfate
>> Phenol Polyoxyethylene Ether Sulfate
>> Alkenyl Branched Alkylphenol Polyoxyethylene Ether Sulfate
Chemical Numbering System
CASRNN/A
EINECSN/A
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: (C2H4O)n.C18H28O4S.H3N
Molecular Weight: N/A
Structure
Schematic formula:
Properties
Appearance    (1), yellowish brown viscous liquid; (2), solid.
Solubility    soluble in water. The solubility increases with the increase of EO number.
Stability    stable in weak acid and hard water; unstable in strong acid, hydrolyzed; unstable in alkali, can release ammonia. Easily oxidized.
Risk    Liquid form: irritation, irritation to skin, eye.
GHS (Rev.6) label:
Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability    biodegradable.
Characteristics    excellent emulsifying, wetting, dispersing, solubilizing abilities. Resistant to hard water. Performance is affected by EO number, such as: with the increase of EO number, dispersing and solubilizing capabilities increase. Low foaming. Reaction-type surface active agent.
Note    (1), 1,4-dioxane generated during preparation: probable carcinogen. However, can be acceptable when concentration of 1,4-dioxane is less than 30ppm or less.
Synthesis
Currently, sulfated reaction through continuous reactor (such as: falling film reactor) is the most widely used method for preparing sulfates.
Polyoxyethylene propenyl nonylphenyl ether and sulfur trioxide react through reactor, then ammonia water neutralizes, finally obtain product.
US patent 8,921,588 (Process for preparing sulfates and/or sulfonates in a micro-reaction system) presents a synthetic process. Conditions: mole ratio of sulfur trioxide and polyethers or other raw materials: 1:1; temperature: 30-60°C; reactor: falling film reactor.
Quality Standards & Test Methods
1. Physical and chemical indexes
Item
Physical and chemical indexes
High-enriched type
Low-enriched type
Actives, %, ≥
90.0 - 98.0
18.0 - 35.0
pH (25°C, 5% solution)
6.5 - 9.5
6.5 - 9.5
1,4-Dioxane, ppm, ≤
30
30
Test Methods
(1), Actives
GB/T 5173 Surface active agents and detergents-Determination of anionic-active matter by direct two-phase titration procedure
ISO 2271 Surface active agents -- Detergents -- Determination of anionic-active matter by manual or mechanical direct two-phase titration procedure
(2), pH
GB/T 6368 Surface active agents - Determination of pH of aqueous solution - Potentiometric method
ISO 4316 Surface active agents -- Determination of pH of aqueous solutions -- Potentiometric method
(3), 1,4-Dioxane
GB/T 26388 Determination of dioxane residues in surfactants - Gas chromatographic method
ISO 17280 Surface active agents -- Determination of 1,4-dioxan residues in surfactants obtained from epoxyethane by gas chromatography
2. Hazardous substances indexes
Item
Hazardous substances indexes
High-enriched type
Low-enriched type
Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤
20
20
As, mg/Kg, ≤
3
3
Test Methods
(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals
(2), As
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic
3. Further explanation
(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.
Major Uses
1. Typical applications
Use as Macromonomer, reactive emulsifying agent.
Use as emulsifying agent, dispersing agent.
Use as solubilizing agent.
2. Emulsion polymerization
Macromonomer, reactive emulsifying agent in emulsion polymerization.
Compared with the traditional non-reactive emulsifier, forming film has the advantage of high water resistance and good stability.
Product members
Polyoxyethylene (10) Nonylphenyl Ether Ammonium Sulfate;
Polyoxyethylene (15) Nonylphenyl Ether Ammonium Sulfate;
Polyoxyethylene (20) Nonylphenyl Ether Ammonium Sulfate;
Manufacturers
 
Update: 20131021(1); 20170216(2);