Ammonium nonoxynol-4 sulfate
time:2012-09-27 17:25:34,count:0

Ammonium nonoxynol-4 sulfate
Alias
 
Category
Anionic surfactants-Sulfate-Alcohol polyoxyethylene ether sulfate
CAS No.
9051-57-4
Structural Formula
Properties
Appearance: paste; or transparent liquid; or solid.
Solubility: soluble in water.
Stability: stable in weak acid and hard water; unstable in strong acid, alkali.
Risk: irritation, irritation to skin, eye.
Animal toxicology[1]: rat oral LD50: 8000mg/Kg. 1,4-dioxane generated during preparation: probable carcinogen. However, can be acceptable when concentration of 1,4-dioxane is less than 30ppm or less.
Ecology: May be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability: Biodegradable.
Characteristics: excellent cleansing, solubilizing, dispersing, emulsifying, foaming abilities.
Synthesis
 
Quality standards & test methods
item
physical and chemical indexes
test methods
Actives*, %, ≥
55-65/25-35
 
pH (25℃, 10%)
5.5-7.5
 
density, g/mL, approx
1.05
 
*: should be marked on molecular weight.
Major Uses
Emulsifying agent, particle size controlling agent in emulsion polymerization.
Use as cleansing agent. Can be used in personal care products, but not recommended.
Use as dispersing agent, emulsifying agent.
Use as solubilizing agent.
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]:http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/:9051-57-4
Update: 20131021(1);

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