Branched Dodecylbenzene Sulfonate Calcium Salt
Time: 2012-09-28 16:26:12
Branched Dodecylbenzene Sulfonate Calcium Salt
Synonyms
Benzenesulfonic acid, branched dodecyl-, calcium salt (2:1);
Branched dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt;
Category
Anionic Surfactant
>> Sulfonate
>> Aryl Sulfonate
>> Phenyl Sulfonate
>> Branched Alkylphenyl Sulfonate
Chemical Numbering System
CASRNN/A
EINECSN/A
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C36H58CaO6S2; C36H60O6S2.Ca
Molecular Weight: 691.05
Structure
R: C12-branched.
Properties
Appearance    (1), transparent or slightly hazy amber liquid; (2), solid.
Solubility    insoluble in water or slightly soluble in water; soluble in kerosene, xylene; dispersible or soluble in methanol.
Stability    stable.
Risk    Solid form: flammable material; irritation, moderate irritation to skin, eye, respiratory. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.
GHS (Rev.6) label:  
Liquid form: flammable material; irritation, moderate irritation to skin, eye. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.
GHS (Rev.6) label:  
Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability    hardly biodegradable.
Characteristics    excellent emulsifying, dispersing, lubricating, adsorbing abilities.
Note    (1), Hardly biodegradable. Avoid to use if possible.
Synthesis
Currently, sulfonation reaction through continuous reactor (such as: falling film reactor) is the most widely used method for preparing sulfonates.
Generally, branched dodecylbenzene and sulfur trioxide react through reactor, then calcium oxide neutralizes, finally obtain product.
US patent 8,921,588 (Process for preparing sulfates and/or sulfonates in a micro-reaction system) presents a synthetic process. Conditions: mole ratio of sulfur trioxide and alkyl benzenes or other raw materials: 1:1; temperature: 30-60°C; reactor: falling film reactor.
Quality Standards & Test Methods
1. Physical and chemical indexes
Item
Physical and chemical indexes
Liquid
Actives, %, ≥
60.0 - 70.0
pH (25°C, 5%, 50% isopropanol solution)
5.0 - 7.5
Test Methods
(1), Actives
GB/T 5173 Surface active agents and detergents-Determination of anionic-active matter by direct two-phase titration procedure
ISO 2271 Surface active agents -- Detergents -- Determination of anionic-active matter by manual or mechanical direct two-phase titration procedure
(2), pH
GB/T 6368 Surface active agents - Determination of pH of aqueous solution - Potentiometric method
ISO 4316 Surface active agents -- Determination of pH of aqueous solutions -- Potentiometric method
2. Hazardous substances indexes
Item
Hazardous substances indexes
Liquid
Solid
Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤
20
20
As, mg/Kg, ≤
3
3
Test Methods
(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals
(2), As
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic
3. Further explanation
(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.
Major Uses
1. Typical applications
Use as emulsifying agent, dispersing agent.
2. Pesticide
Use as emulsifying agent.
Manufacturers
 
Update: 20131025(1); 20170324(2);