Sodium Ligninsulfonate
Time: 2012-09-29 16:41:48

Sodium Ligninsulfonate


Lignosulfonic acid, sodium salt;

Sodium lignosulfonate;

Sodium polignate;

Polignate sodium;


Anionic Surfactant

> Sulfonate

>> Chain Sulfonate

>>> Natural Substances Sulfonate

>>>> Natural Substances (Plant Origin) Sulfonate

Chemical Numbering System



Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight

Molecular Formula: N/A

Molecular Weight: N/A


Main structural groups:


Appearance    (1), yellow-brown to brown powder; (2), liquid.

Solubility    soluble in water.

Stability    stable in alkali. Adjust the pH value to acidic, can separate out.

Risk    Solid form: flammable material; irritation, moderate irritation to skin, eye, respiratory. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.

GHS (Rev.7) label:  

Animal Toxicity

Table 1 Animal toxicity values

mouse oral LD50


mouse intravenous LDLo


rat oral LD


rat intraperitoneal LD50


rat inhalation LC

> 480mg/m3/4h[1]

Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.

Biodegradability    biodegradable.

Characteristics    excellent dispersing, emulsifying, wetting, permeating, chelating abilities. Good chelating effect to heavy metals, particularly iron, copper, and stannous ion.

Note    (1), Avoid using in children products, such as shower gels, shampoo, skin care products, and so on.


Lignosulfonate is usually prepared from papermaking wastewater.

For further information, see:

United States Patent 9,447,131 Lignosulfonate of a certain quality and method of preparation of lignosulfonate of a certain quality,

Li Xuesong. Treatment of papermaking wastewater by a precipitation method. Journal of Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Vol.35, No.5, 2008, and so on.

Quality Standards & Test Methods

1, Physical and chemical indexes


Physical and chemical indexes

Solid (crude)

Solid (refined)

Actives, %, ≥

40.0 - 70.0


Reducing substances, %, ≤

2.0 - 4.0

2.0 - 4.0

pH (25°C, 1% solution)

7.5 - 10.5

7.5 - 10.5

Test Methods

(1), Actives


(2), Reducing substances

HG/T 3507 Sodium lignie sulphonate dispersing agent

(3), pH

GB/T 6368 Surface active agents - Determination of pH of aqueous solution - Potentiometric method

ISO 4316 Surface active agents -- Determination of pH of aqueous solutions -- Potentiometric method

2, Hazardous substances indexes


Hazardous substances indexes


Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤


As, mg/Kg, ≤


Test Methods

(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals

(2), As

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic

3, Product standards

(1), Chinese standards

(1a), HG/T 3507 Sodium lignie sulphonate dispersing agent

4, Further explanation

(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.

(b), Used in cosmetics, should be test for harmful substances; or furtherly test for microorganisms.

Major Uses

1, Typical Applications

Use as water-reducing agent.

Use as dispersing agent.

Use as adhesive.

Use as wetting agent.

2, Concrete

Widely use as water-reducing agent.

3, Dyes

Dispersing agent, filler in dyes.

4, Personal care products

Use as surfactant.

5, Feed

Use as adhesive, particularly for crude lignosulfonate.




[1]: ChemIDplus. 8061-51-6, Sodium lignosulfonate

Update: 20131027(1); 20170710(2);