Ammonium Lignosulphonate
Time: 2012-09-29 16:45:16
Ammonium Lignosulphonate
Synonyms
Lignosulfonic acid, ammonium salt;
Ammonium lignosulfonate;
Ammonium polignate;
Category
Anionic Surfactant
>> Sulfonate
>> Chain Sulfonate
>> Natural Substances Sulfonate
>> Natural Substances (Plant Origin) Sulfonate
Chemical Numbering System
CASRN8061-53-8
EINECSN/A
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: N/A
Molecular Weight: N/A
Structure
Main structural groups:
Properties
Appearance    (1), yellow-brown to brown powder; (2), liquid.
Solubility    soluble in water.
Stability    release ammonia in alkali. Adjust the pH value to acidic, can separate out.
Risk    Solid form: flammable material; irritation, moderate irritation to skin, eye, respiratory. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.
GHS (Rev.6) label:  
Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability    biodegradable.
Characteristics    excellent dispersing, emulsifying, wetting, permeating, chelating abilities. Good chelating effect to heavy metals, particularly iron, copper, and stannous ion.
Synthesis
Lignosulfonate is usually prepared from papermaking wastewater.
Calcium lignosulphonate reacts with ammonium sulfate, then obtain.
For further information, see:
United States Patent 9,447,131 Lignosulfonate of a certain quality and method of preparation of lignosulfonate of a certain quality,
Li Xuesong. Treatment of papermaking wastewater by a precipitation method. Journal of Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Vol.35, No.5, 2008, and so on.
Quality Standards & Test Methods
1. Physical and chemical indexes
Item
Physical and chemical indexes
Solid
Actives, %, ≥
40.0 - 80.0
Reducing substances, %, ≤
15.0
pH (25°C, 1% solution)
5.0 - 7.0
Test Methods
(1), Actives
 
(2), Reducing substances
HG/T 3507 Sodium lignie sulphonate dispersing agent
(3), pH
GB/T 6368 Surface active agents - Determination of pH of aqueous solution - Potentiometric method
ISO 4316 Surface active agents -- Determination of pH of aqueous solutions -- Potentiometric method
2. Hazardous substances indexes
Item
Hazardous substances indexes
Solid
Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤
20
As, mg/Kg, ≤
3
Test Methods
(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals
(2), As
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic
3. Further explanation
(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.
Major Uses
1. Typical Applications
Use as water-reducing agent.
Use as dispersing agent.
Use as adhesive.
2. Concrete
Widely use as water-reducing agent.
3. Dyes
Dispersing agent, filler in dyes.
4. Feed
Use as adhesive, particularly for crude lignosulfonate.
Manufacturers
 
Update: 20131027(1); 20170710(2);