Diamyl sodium sulfosuccinate
Time: 2012-10-01 09:13:50
Diamyl sodium sulfosuccinate
1,4-Dipentylsulfobutanedioic acid, sodium salt;
Butanedioic acid, sulfo-, 1,4-dipentyl ester, sodium salt;
Sodium 1,4-dipentyl sulfobutanedioic acid;
Sulfosuccinic acid, dipentyl ester, sodium salt;
Butanedioic acid, 2-sulfo-, 1,4-dipentyl ester, sodium salt (1:1);
Anionic Surfactant
>> Sulfonate
>> Ester Sulfonate
>> Sulfosuccinate(Ester) Salt
>> Sulfosuccinic Acid Linear Alkyl Alcohol Ester Salt
Chemical Numbering System
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C14H25NaO7S; C14H26O7S.Na
Molecular Weight: 360.40
Appearance    (1), white waxy solid; (2), slightly yellow transparent liquid.
Solubility    soluble in water.
Stability    stable in weak acid, weak alkali, hard water. Under strong acid or strong alkali, easily hydrolyze.
Risk    Solid form: flammable material; irritation, low irritation to skin, eye. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.
GHS (Rev.6) label:  
Liquid form: irritation, low irritation to skin, eye.
GHS (Rev.6) label:
Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability    biodegradable.
Characteristics    excellent emulsifying, dispersing, wetting, cleansing, foaming, solubilizing, permeating abilities. Good lime soap dispersing power. Suitable for neutral formula system.
(1), Esterification reaction
Maleic anhydride reacts with pentanol, obtain diamyl maleate.
(2), Sulfonation reaction
Diamyl maleate reacts with sodium bisulfite, then obtain this product.
Quality Standards & Test Methods
1. Physical and chemical indexes
Physical and chemical indexes
Actives, %, ≥
pH (25°C, 1%)
4.5 - 7.5
4.5 - 7.5
Test Methods
(1), Actives
GB/T 5173 Surface active agents and detergents-Determination of anionic-active matter by direct two-phase titration procedure
ISO 2271 Surface active agents -- Detergents -- Determination of anionic-active matter by manual or mechanical direct two-phase titration procedure
(2), pH
GB/T 6368 Surface active agents - Determination of pH of aqueous solution - Potentiometric method
ISO 4316 Surface active agents -- Determination of pH of aqueous solutions -- Potentiometric method
2. Hazardous substances indexes
Hazardous substances indexes
Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤
As, mg/Kg, ≤
Test Methods
(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals
(2), As
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic
3. Further explanation
(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.
(b), Used in cosmetics, should be test for harmful substances; or furtherly test for microorganisms.
Major Uses
1. Typical Applications
Use as wetting agent, permeating agent.
Use as emulsifying agent, dispersing agent.
Use as hydrotrope.
2. Textile, leather
Use as wetting agent, permeating agent.
3. Household detergents
Use as cleansing agent, emulsifying agent.
4. Personal care products
Use as cleansing agent, foaming agent, foam stabilizing agent, hydrotrope.
5. Industrial cleaning agents
Use as wetting agent, emulsifying agent, hydrotrope.
6. Emulsion polymerization
Emulsifier, particle size controlling agent in emulsion polymerization.
Update: 20131028(1); 20170823(2);