Disodium decyl phenyl ether disulfonate
Time: 2012-10-01 09:28:07
Disodium decyl phenyl ether disulfonate
Synonyms
Benzene, 1,1'-oxybis-, decyl, sulfonated, sodium salts;
Diphenyl ether decyl sulfonated sodium salts;
Category
Anionic Surfactant
>> Sulfonate
>> Aryl Sulfonate
>> Phenyl Ether Sulfonate
>> Linear Alkyl Phenyl Ether Sulfonate
Chemical Numbering System
CASRN223239-88-1
EINECSN/A
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C22H28Na2O7S2; C22H30O7S2.Na2
Molecular Weight: 514.56
Structure
Schematic formula:
Properties
Appearance    (1), solid; (2), liquid.
Solubility    soluble in water.
Stability    stable.
Risk    Solid form: flammable material; irritation, moderate irritation to skin, eye, respiratory. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.
GHS (Rev.6) label:  
Liquid form: irritation, moderate irritation to skin, eye.
GHS (Rev.6) label:
Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability    biodegradable.
Characteristics    excellent emulsifying, dispersing, cleansing, wetting abilities.
Synthesis
Currently, sulfonation reaction through continuous reactor (such as: falling film reactor) is the most widely used method for preparing sulfonates.
Generally, decyl diphenyl ether and fuming sulfuric acid or sulfur trioxide react through reactor, then sodium hydroxide or sodium carbonate neutralizes, finally obtain product.
Refer to: US patent 8,921,588 Process for preparing sulfates and/or sulfonates in a micro-reaction system.
Quality Standards & Test Methods
1. Physical and chemical indexes
Item
Physical and chemical indexes
Solid
Actives, %, ≥
95.0
pH (25°C, 1%)
7.0 - 10.5
Test Methods
(1), Actives
 
(2), pH
GB/T 6368 Surface active agents - Determination of pH of aqueous solution - Potentiometric method
ISO 4316 Surface active agents -- Determination of pH of aqueous solutions -- Potentiometric method
2. Hazardous substances indexes
Item
Hazardous substances indexes
Liquid
Solid
Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤
20
20
As, mg/Kg, ≤
3
3
Test Methods
(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals
(2), As
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic
3. Further explanation
(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.
(b), Used in cosmetics, should be test for harmful substances; or furtherly test for microorganisms.
Major Uses
1. Typical applications
Use as emulsifying agent, dispersing agent.
Use as hydrotrope.
2. Emulsion polymerization
Emulsifying agent, particle size controlling agent, dispersing agent in emulsion polymerization.
3. Textile, printing and dyeing
Leveling agent in textile, printing and dyeing.
4. Personal care products
Emulsifying agent, cleansing agent, hydrotrope in personal care products.
Manufacturers
 
Update: 20131025(1); 20170501(2);