Calcium Stearate
Time: 2012-10-01 16:07:48
Calcium Stearate
Synonyms
Calcium octadecanoate;
Stearic acid, calcium salt;
Octadecanoic acid, calcium salt;
Category
Anionic Surfactant
>> Carboxylate
>> Chain Carboxylate
>> Alkyl Carboxylate
>> Linear Alkyl Carboxylate
Chemical Numbering System
CASRN1592-23-0
EINECS216-472-8
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C36H70CaO4; C36H72O4.Ca
Molecular Weight: 607.02
Structure
 
Properties
Appearance    (1), white powder.
Solubility    insoluble in water. soluble in benzene, toluene.
Physical - chemical properties
Water solubility, mg/L
40 (15°C)[1]
Melting point, °C
179[1]
Hygroscopicity    hygroscopic.
Stability    stable.
Risk    Solid form: flammable material; irritation, irritation to skin, eye, respiratory system. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.
GHS (Rev.6) label:  
Animal Toxicity
Table 1 Animal toxicity values
rat oral LD50
> 10000mg/kg[2]
rat intraperitoneal LD50
> 10000mg/kg[2]
mouse oral LD50
> 10000mg/kg[2]
Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability    biodegradable.
Characteristics    excellent lubricating, emulsifying, dispersing abilities.
Synthesis
(1), Sodium stearate reacts with calcium chloride solution, then obtain.
(2), Stearic acid reacts with calcium hydroxide from non-aqueous medium, then obtain.
Quality Standards & Test Methods
1. Physical and chemical indexes
Item
Physical and chemical indexes
Solid
Actives, %, ≥
95.0
Test Methods
(1), Actives
GB/T 13173 Surface active agents - Detergents - Testing methods
GB/T 5173 Surface active agents and detergents-Determination of anionic-active matter by direct two-phase titration procedure
ISO 2271 Surface active agents -- Detergents -- Determination of anionic-active matter by manual or mechanical direct two-phase titration procedure
2. Hazardous substances indexes
Item
Hazardous substances indexes
Solid
Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤
20
As, mg/Kg, ≤
3
Test Methods
(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals
(2), As
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic
3. Product standards
(1), Chinese standards
(1a), GB 1886.102 Food safety national standard -- Food additive -- Calcium stearate
(1b), Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015 Edition) Calcium stearate
(1c), HG/T 2424Calcium stearate
4. Further explanation
(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.
(b), Used in cosmetics, should be test for harmful substances; or furtherly test for microorganisms.
Major Uses
1. Typical applications
Use as lubricant.
Use as emulsifying agent, dispersing agent.
2. Household detergents
Use as lubricant, release agent.
3. Personal care products
Anticaking agent, emulsion stabilizer, viscosity controlling agent, colorant in personal care products.
4. Machinery industry
Lubricant, release agent, glidant in metal processing.
5. Rubber industry
Use as lubricant, release agent.
6. Plastics
Use as heat stabilizer, lubricant. For example: polyethylene processing.
7. Pets
Use as anticaking agent, colorant.
8. Powder forming
Lubricant, release agent, glidant in powder forming.
9. Food
Use as emulsifying agent, anticaking agent.
10. Medicine
Pharmaceutical excipients. Use as lubricant, emulsifying agent. (This section is for reference only, should be implemented according to local Pharmacopoeia.)
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]: HSDB. 1592-23-0, Calcium stearate
[2]: ChemIDplus. 1592-23-0, Calcium stearate
Update: 20131102(1); 20171215(2);