Lithium Stearate
Time: 2012-10-01 16:16:49
Lithium Stearate
Synonyms
Stearic acid, lithium salt;
Octadecanoic acid, lithium salt;
Lithium octadecanoate;
Category
Anionic Surfactant
>> Carboxylate
>> Chain Carboxylate
>> Alkyl Carboxylate
>> Linear Alkyl Carboxylate
Chemical Numbering System
CASRN4485-12-5
EINECS224-772-5
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C18H35LiO2; C18H36O2.Li
Molecular Weight: 290.41
Structure
 
Properties
Appearance    (1), white powder.
Solubility    slightly soluble in water. soluble in benzene, toluene.
Stability    stable.
Risk    Solid form: flammable material; irritation, irritation to skin, eye, respiratory system. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.
GHS (Rev.6) label:  
Animal Toxicity
Table 1 Animal toxicity values
rat oral LD50
15000mg/kg[1]
Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability    biodegradable.
Characteristics    excellent lubricating, cleansing, emulsifying, dispersing, foaming, solubilizing abilities. Nonresistant to hard water.
Synthesis
Sodium stearate reacts with lithium sulfate solution, then obtain.
Quality Standards & Test Methods
1. Physical and chemical indexes
Item
Physical and chemical indexes
Solid
Actives, %, ≥
95.0
Li, %
 
Test Methods
(1), Actives
GB/T 13173 Surface active agents - Detergents - Testing methods
GB/T 5173 Surface active agents and detergents-Determination of anionic-active matter by direct two-phase titration procedure
ISO 2271 Surface active agents -- Detergents -- Determination of anionic-active matter by manual or mechanical direct two-phase titration procedure
(2), Li
 
2. Hazardous substances indexes
Item
Hazardous substances indexes
Solid
Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤
20
As, mg/Kg, ≤
3
Test Methods
(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals
(2), As
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic
3. Further explanation
(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.
(b), Used in cosmetics, should be test for harmful substances; or furtherly test for microorganisms.
Major Uses
1. Typical applications
Use as lubricant.
Use as cleansing agent.
Use as emulsifying agent, dispersing agent.
2. Household detergents
Use as cleansing agent.
3. Personal care products
Cleansing agent, opacifier, viscosity controlling agent, anticaking agent in personal care products.
4. Machinery industry
Lubricant in metal processing, machinery.
5. Plastics
Use as heat stabilizer, lubricant. For example: processing and manufacturing of PVC.
Mainly used in manufacture of transparent products.
6. Pets
Use as cleansing agent, emulsifying agent.
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]: ChemIDplus. 4485-12-5, Lithium octadecanoate
Update: 20131102(1); 20171215(2);