Isooctanoic Acid
Time: 2012-10-03 16:28:35
Isooctanoic Acid
Synonyms
Isocaprylic acid;
Category
Anionic Surfactant
>> Carboxylate
>> Chain Carboxylate
>> Alkyl Carboxylate
>> Branched Alkyl Carboxylate
Chemical Numbering System
CASRN25103-52-0
EINECS246-617-0
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C8H16O2
Molecular Weight: 144.21
Structure
R: iso-C7.
Properties
Appearance    (1), colorless liquid.
Solubility    soluble in water. soluble inethyl ether.
Stability    stable.
Risk    Liquid form: flammable material; irritation, irritation to skin, eye, respiratory system. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.
GHS (Rev.7) label:  
Animal Toxicity
Table 1 Animal toxicity values
rat oral LD50
900mg/kg[1]
rat skin LD50
>2000mg/kg[1]
Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability    biodegradable.
Characteristics    excellent lubricating, antibacterial, preservative, emulsifying, dispersing, cleansing, solubilizing abilities.
Synthesis
 
Quality Standards & Test Methods
1. Physical and chemical indexes
Item
Physical and chemical indexes
Liquid
Actives, %, ≥
95.0
Test Methods
(1), Actives
GB/T 13173 Surface active agents - Detergents - Testing methods
GB/T 5173 Surface active agents and detergents-Determination of anionic-active matter by direct two-phase titration procedure
ISO 2271 Surface active agents -- Detergents -- Determination of anionic-active matter by manual or mechanical direct two-phase titration procedure
2. Hazardous substances indexes
Item
Hazardous substances indexes
Liquid
Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤
20
As, mg/Kg, ≤
3
Test Methods
(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals
(2), As
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic
3. Further explanation
(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.
Major Uses
1. Typical applications
Use as cleansing agent.
Use as emulsifying agent, dispersing agent.
Use as preservative.
Use as lubricant.
2. Organic synthesis
Used in preparation of isooctanoic acid salts. Widely isooctanoic acid salts can be used in paints, plastics, etc.
Used in preparation of isooctanoic acid esters. Widely isooctanoic acid esters can be used in fungicides, preservatives, plastics, spices, lubricants, etc.
3. Agriculture
Preservatives in wood processing.
Co-solvent, defoaming agent in pesticides.
4. Hydrocarbon
Gelling agent in hydrocarbons.
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]: ChemIDplus. 25103-52-0, Isooctanoic acid
Update: 20131102(1); 20180312(2);