10-Hydroxydecanoic Acid
Time: 2012-10-04 16:18:55

10-Hydroxydecanoic Acid


Decanoic acid,10-hydroxy-;


Anionic Surfactant

>> Carboxylate

>> Chain Carboxylate

>> Hydroxyalkyl Carboxylate

>> Hydroxy Linear Alkyl Carboxylate

Chemical Numbering System



Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight

Molecular Formula: C10H20O3

Molecular Weight: 188.26




Appearance    (1), white crystal.

Solubility    slightly soluble in water. soluble in ethyl ether.

Stability    stable.

Risk    Solid form: flammable material; irritation, irritation to skin, eye, respiratory system. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.

GHS (Rev.7) label:  

Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.

Biodegradability    biodegradable.

Characteristics    excellent antimicrobial, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, preservative, dispersing, emulsifying, cleansing, lubricating, solubilizing abilities.


Obtained by cracking reaction of castor oil.

Quality Standards & Test Methods

1. Physical and chemical indexes


Physical and chemical indexes


Actives, %, ≥


Test Methods

(1), Actives

GB/T 13173 Surface active agents - Detergents - Testing methods

GB/T 5173 Surface active agents and detergentsDetermination of anionic-active matter by direct two-phase titration procedure

ISO 2271 Surface active agents -- Detergents -- Determination of anionic-active matter by manual or mechanical direct two-phase titration procedure

2. Hazardous substances indexes


Hazardous substances indexes


Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤


As, mg/Kg, ≤


Test Methods

(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals

(2), As

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic

3. Further explanation

(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.

(b), Used in cosmetics, should be test for harmful substances; or furtherly test for microorganisms.

Major Uses

1. Typical applications

Use as cleansing agent.

Use as emulsifying agent, dispersing agent.

2. Personal care products

Sebum secretion inhibitor, conditioning agent, antibacterial agents in personal care products.

3. Organic synthesis

Used in synthesis of musk, royal jelly acid, esters, lactones, medicine.



Update: 20131102(1); 20180530(2);