Potassium 4-hydroxynaphthalene-1-sulphonate
Time: 2017-05-31 23:25:53
Potassium 4-hydroxynaphthalene-1-sulphonate
Synonyms
1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, 4-hydroxy-, monopotassium salt;
Potassium naphthol sulfonate;
Category
Anionic Surfactant
>> Sulfonate
>> Aryl Sulfonate
>> Naphthol Group Sulfonate
>> Naphthol Sulfonate
Chemical Numbering System
CASRN37860-62-1
EINECSN/A
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C10H7KO4S; C10H8O4S.K
Molecular Weight: 262.32
Structure
Properties
Appearance    (1), solid.
Solubility    soluble in water.
Stability    stable.
Risk    Solid form: flammable material; irritation, moderate irritation to skin, eye, respiratory. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.
GHS (Rev.6) label:  
Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability    biodegradable.
Characteristics    excellent dispersing, emulsifying, wetting, hydrotropic abilities.
Synthesis
Naphthol and chlorosulfonic acid or concentrated sulfuric acid or fuming sulfuric acid react through reactor, then potassium hydroxide or potassium carbonate neutralizes, finally obtain product.
Quality Standards & Test Methods
1. Physical and chemical indexes
Item
Physical and chemical indexes
Solid
Actives, %, ≥
90.0
pH (25°C, 1%)
4.0 - 10.0
Test Methods
(1), Actives
GB/T 5173 Surface active agents and detergents-Determination of anionic-active matter by direct two-phase titration procedure
ISO 2271 Surface active agents -- Detergents -- Determination of anionic-active matter by manual or mechanical direct two-phase titration procedure
(2), pH
GB/T 6368 Surface active agents - Determination of pH of aqueous solution - Potentiometric method
ISO 4316 Surface active agents -- Determination of pH of aqueous solutions -- Potentiometric method
2. Hazardous substances indexes
Item
Hazardous substances indexes
Solid
Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤
20
As, mg/Kg, ≤
3
Test Methods
(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals
(2), As
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic
3. Further explanation
(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.
Major Uses
1. Typical applications
Use as dispersing agent, emulsifying agent.
2. Organic synthesis
Use as intermediates in organic synthesis.
Manufacturers