Dodecylsulfonic acid
Time: 2017-07-14 19:05:14

Dodecylsulfonic acid

Synonyms

1-Dodecanesulfonic acid;

Laurylsulfonic acid;

Category

Anionic Surfactant

> Sulfonate

>> Chain Sulfonate

>>> Alkyl Sulfonate

>>>> Linear Alkyl Sulfonate

Chemical Numbering System

CASRN1510-16-3

EINECS216-146-5

Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight

Molecular Formula: C12H26O3S

Molecular Weight: 250.40

Structure

Properties

Appearance    (1), solid.

Solubility    slightly soluble in water.

Stability    stable.

Risk    Solid form: corrosion; flammable material; irritation, moderate irritation to skin, eye, respiratory. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.

GHS (Rev.7) label:   

Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.

Biodegradability    biodegradable.

Characteristics    excellent cleansing, emulsifying, dispersing, wetting, permeating, solubilizing abilities.

Synthesis

Sulfoxidation method is the typical method for preparing linear alkyl sulfonate.

Dodecane reacts with sulfur dioxide and oxygen, then refine and obtain finished product.

For further information, see:

United States Patent 4,643,813 Process for producing alkanesulfonic acids,

United States Patent 4,680,147 Process for the isolation under mild conditions of paraffinsulfonate and sulfuric acid from reaction mixtures from paraffin sulfoxidation,

United States Patent 4,798,915 Process for the extraction of paraffins from mixtures thereof with alkane-sulfonic acids,

United States Patent 4,808,343 Process for isolating paraffinsulfonates with a low alkali metal sulfate content and sulfuric acid from paraffin-sulfoxidation reaction mixtures without obligatory production of sodium sulfate,

United States Patent 4,827,078 Process for extracting paraffins from their mixtures with alkanesulfonic acids,

United States Patent 4,843,184 Process for extracting paraffins from their mixtures with paraffinsulfonic acids,

United States Patent 8,426,642 Method for isolating concentrated paraffin sulfonic acids,

United States Patent 4,454,075 Process for removing sulfuric acid from the reaction mixture obtained in the sulfoxidation of paraffins,

United States Patent 4,310,473 Process for separating sulfuric acid from sulfoxidation output,

United States Patent 3,960,938 Extraction of sulfuric acid from sulfuric acid-sulfonic acid mixtures, and so on.

Quality Standards & Test Methods

1, Physical and chemical indexes

Item

Physical and chemical indexes

Solid

Actives, %, ≥

90.0

Test Methods

(1), Actives

GB/T 5173 Surface active agents and detergents-Determination of anionic-active matter by direct two-phase titration procedure

ISO 2271 Surface active agents -- Detergents -- Determination of anionic-active matter by manual or mechanical direct two-phase titration procedure

2, Hazardous substances indexes

Item

Hazardous substances indexes

Solid

Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤

20

As, mg/Kg, ≤

3

Test Methods

(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals

(2), As

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic

3, Further explanation

(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.

Major Uses

1, Typical Applications

Use as cleansing agent.

Use as emulsifying agent, dispersing agent.

Manufacturers