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Tetrabutylphosphonium iodide

Time:2019-04-06 14:06:21; Reading: 1

Tetrabutylphosphonium iodide

Synonyms

Phosphonium, tetrabutyl-, iodide;

Category

Cationic surfactant

> Quaternary Phosphonium Salt

Chemical Numbering System

CASRN:3115-66-0

EINECS:N/A

Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight

Molecular Formula: C16H36IP; C16H36P.I

Molecular Weight: 386.34

Structure

Properties

Appearance    (1), white to off-white crystal.

Solubility    soluble in water; soluble in ethanol.

Hygroscopicity    hygroscopic.

Stability    stable.

Risk    Solid form: irritation, strong irritation to skin, eye, respiratory system.

GHS (Rev.10) label: 

Animal Toxicity

Table 1 Animal toxicity values

mouse intravenous LD50

32mg/kg[1]

Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.

Biodegradability    biodegradable.

Characteristics    excellent antistatic, wetting, permeating, antibacterial, dispersing, emulsifying abilities.

Synthesis

 

Quality Standards & Test Methods

1, Physical and chemical indexes

Item

Physical and chemical indexes

Solid

Actives, %, ≥

95.0

Test Methods

(1), Actives

GB/T 13173 Surface active agents -- Detergents -- Testing methods

2, Hazardous substances indexes

Item

Hazardous substances indexes

Solid

Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤

20

As, mg/Kg, ≤

3

Test Methods

(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents -- Determination of heavy metals

(2), As

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents -- Determination of total arsenic

3, Further explanation

(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.

Major Uses

1, Typical applications

Use as phase transfer catalyst.

Use as flocculant.

Use as deodorant.

Use as antibacterial agent, preservative.

Manufacturers

 

References

[1]: ChemIDplus. 3115-66-0, Tetrabutylphosphonium iodide

Document

[Terminology] Dispersion system

[Terminology] Vesicle

Pandect of Ester surfactants (1): Definition

[Terminology] Van Der Waals force

[Terminology] Micellar aggregation number

Standard

Test methods of surfactants, catalog, Chinese national standards

Surfactants, catalog, Chinese national standards

Test methods of materials, catalog, Chinese national standards

Basic standards of materials, catalog, Chinese national standards

Test methods of textile auxiliaries, catalog, Chinese national standards