Tetrabutylphosphonium iodide
Time: 2019-04-06 14:06:21

Tetrabutylphosphonium iodide

Synonyms

Phosphonium, tetrabutyl-, iodide;

Category

Cationic surfactant

> Quaternary Phosphonium Salt

Chemical Numbering System

CASRN3115-66-0

EINECSN/A

Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight

Molecular Formula: C16H36IP; C16H36P.I

Molecular Weight: 386.34

Structure

Properties

Appearance    (1), white to off-white crystal.

Solubility    soluble in water; soluble in ethanol.

Hygroscopicity    hygroscopic.

Stability    stable.

Risk    Solid form: irritation, strong irritation to skin, eye, respiratory system.

GHS (Rev.7) label: 

Animal Toxicity

Table 1 Animal toxicity values

mouse intravenous LD50

32mg/kg[1]

Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.

Biodegradability    biodegradable.

Characteristics    excellent antistatic, wetting, permeating, antibacterial, dispersing, emulsifying abilities.

Synthesis

 

Quality Standards & Test Methods

1, Physical and chemical indexes

Item

Physical and chemical indexes

Solid

Actives, %, ≥

95.0

Test Methods

(1), Actives

GB/T 13173 Surface active agents -- Detergents -- Testing methods

2, Hazardous substances indexes

Item

Hazardous substances indexes

Solid

Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤

20

As, mg/Kg, ≤

3

Test Methods

(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents -- Determination of heavy metals

(2), As

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents -- Determination of total arsenic

3, Further explanation

(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.

Major Uses

1, Typical applications

Use as phase transfer catalyst.

Use as flocculant.

Use as deodorant.

Use as antibacterial agent, preservative.

Manufacturers

 

References

[1]: ChemIDplus. 3115-66-0, Tetrabutylphosphonium iodide