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Time:2019-10-27 17:01:42; Reading: 12



PEG-6 Decyl ether;


Hexaethylene glycol decyl ether;

Polyoxyethylene (6) decyl ether;


Non-ionic surfactant

> Polyether

>> Alcohol Polyether

>>> Alcohol Polyoxyethylene Ether

>>>> Linear Alkanol Polyoxyethylene Ether

Chemical Numbering System

CASRN: 5168-89-8


Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight

Molecular Formula: C22H46O7

Molecular Weight: 422.60



Appearance    (1), colorless transparent liquid.

Solubility    soluble in water.

Stability    stable.

Risk    Liquid form: flammable material; irritation, irritation to skin, eye, respiratory system. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.

GHS (Rev.10) label:  

Animal Toxicity

Table 1 Animal toxicity values

mouse oral LD

> 528mg/kg[1]

Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.

Biodegradability    biodegradable.

Characteristics    excellent cleansing, emulsifying, dispersing, solubilizing, wetting, permeating abilities.

Note    (1), The by-product 1,4-dioxane is a possible carcinogen. Generally, can be acceptable when concentration of 1,4-dioxane is less than 30ppm or less.

(2), Be careful with using in children's products.


Obtained that decyl alcohol reacts with ethylene epoxide.

For further information, see:

US patent 4,223,163 Process for making ethoxylated fatty alcohols with narrow polyethoxy chain distribution; US patent 4,967,017 Alcohol ethoxylates of reduced EO content or residual PO content; US patent 5,069,817 Process for making polyoxyethylene surfactants with desirable low temperature behavior, etc.

Quality Standards & Test Methods

1, Physical and chemical indexes


Physical and chemical indexes


Actives, %, ≥


pH (25°C, 1% solution)

5.0 - 7.0

Test Methods

(1), Actives

GB/T 13173 Surface active agents - Detergents - Testing methods

(2), pH

GB/T 6368 Surface active agents -- Determination of pH of aqueous solution -- Potentiometric method

ISO 4316 Surface active agents -- Determination of pH of aqueous solutions -- Potentiometric method

2, Hazardous substances indexes


Hazardous substances indexes


Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤


As, mg/Kg, ≤


Test Methods

(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals

(2), As

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic

3, Further explanation

(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.

(b), Used in cosmetics, should be test for harmful substances or furtherly test for microorganisms, according to local regulations and standards.

Major Uses

1, Typical applications

Use as cleansing agent. For example, used in personal care products, household cleaning, industrial cleaning, textile, leather, chemical fiber.

Use as emulsifying agent, dispersing agent.

Use as solubilizing agent.

Use as wetting agent, permeating agent. For example, used in textile, leather, chemical fiber.

2, Industrial cleaning

Use as cleansing agent.

3, Textile

Cleansing agent, leveling agent in textile, dye.

4, Petroleum

Emulsifying agent in petroleum, petroleum products.

5, Perfume

Solubilizing agent in perfume.

6, Personal care products

Emulsifying agent, cleansing agent in personal care products.




[1]: ChemIDplus. 5168-89-8, Deceth-6


[Terminology] Dispersion system

[Terminology] Vesicle

Pandect of Ester surfactants (1): Definition

[Terminology] Van Der Waals force

[Terminology] Micellar aggregation number


Test methods of surfactants, catalog, Chinese national standards

Surfactants, catalog, Chinese national standards

Test methods of materials, catalog, Chinese national standards

Basic standards of materials, catalog, Chinese national standards

Test methods of textile auxiliaries, catalog, Chinese national standards