Benzalkonium chloride
time:2012-10-30 16:36:10,count:0

Benzalkonium chloride
Alias
Alkyl dimethylbenzyl ammonium chloride
Alkylbenzyldimethylammonium chloride
Ammonium, alkyldimethylbenzyl-, chloride
Alkyldimethyl(phenylmethyl)quaternary ammonium chlorides
Alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride
Ammonium, alkyldimethyl(phenylmethyl)-, chloride
Ammonium, alkyldimethylbenzyl-, chloride
Quaternary ammonium compounds, alkylbenzyldimethyl, chlorides
Alkyl dimethyl ethylbenzyl ammonium chloride
Quaternium-1
Category
Cationic surfactants-Quaternary ammonium salts
CAS No.
8001-54-5
Structural Formula
Properties
Appearance: pale yellow colloid or solid; colorless to slightly yellow liquid.
Solubility: soluble in water. soluble in ethanol.
Hygroscopicity: hygroscopic.
Stability: stable.
Risk: irritation, strong irritation to skin, eye.
Animal toxicity[1]: rat oral LD50: 240mg/Kg;
rat intravenous LD50: 13.9mg/Kg;
rat intraperitoneal LD50: 14.5mg/Kg;
rat subcutaneous LD50: 400mg/Kg;
mouse subcutaneous LD50: 64mg/Kg.
Human toxicity[1]: women oral TDLo: 266mg/Kg.
Ecology: may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability: biodegradable.
Characteristics: excellent antibacterial, preservative, antimicrobial, antistatic, wetting, permeating, deodorizing, emulsifying, dispersing, foaming, anticorrosive abilities. resistance to acid, light, hard water. no accumulation of toxicity.
Synthesis
 
Quality standards & test methods
item
physical and chemical indexes
test methods
actives*, %, ≥
30
 
*: should be marked on molecular weight.
Major Uses
Widely used as disinfectant, bactericide.
Antistatic agent, softening agent in textile, fibers, leather.
Emulsifying agent in asphalt, rubber.
Bactericide-algicide, slime stripping agent in water treatment.
Use as phase transfer catalyst.
Bactericide, conditioning agent in personal care products.
Use as flocculant.
Use as herbicide.
Use as deodorant.
Bactericide in agriculture.
Bactericide, preservative in wood processing.
Bactericide in medicine.
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]:http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/:8001-54-5
Update: 20140409(1);

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