Tetramethylammonium chloride
time:2012-11-01 16:49:49,count:0

Tetramethylammonium chloride
Alias
Methanaminium, N,N,N-trimethyl-, chloride
N,N,N-Trimethylmethanaminium chloride
Tetramine chloride
Category
Cationic surfactants-Quaternary ammonium salts
CAS No.
75-57-0
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C4H12ClN
Molecular Weight: 109.60
Structural Formula
Properties
Appearance: white crystal.
Solubility: soluble in water.
Volatility: easily volatile
Hygroscopicity: hygroscopic.
Stability: stable.
Risk: irritation, irritation to skin, eye.
Animal toxicity[1]: rat oral LD50: 50mg/Kg; mouse oral LDLo: 125mg/Kg.
Ecology: may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability: biodegradable.
Characteristics: excellent antistatic, antibacterial, preservative, anticorrosive abilities.
Synthesis
 
Quality standards & test methods
item
physical and chemical indexes
test methods
actives*, %, ≥
95
 
*: should be marked on molecular weight.
Major Uses
Conditioning agent, bactericide, preservative in personal care products.
Antistatic agent in textiles, fibers, leather.
Widely use as bactericide. eg: water treatment, agriculture, oil field.
Use as phase transfer catalyst.
Leveling agent in cationic dyes.
Clay stabilizer in oilfield fracturing fluid.
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]:http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/:75-57-0
Update: 20140409(1);

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