1,2-Butanediol
time:2012-11-08 01:03:44,count:0

1,2-Butanediol
Alias
1,2-Butylene glycol
Category
Non-ionic surfactants-Alcohol
CAS No.
584-03-2
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C4H10O2
Molecular Weight: 90.12
Structural Formula
Properties
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow liquid.
Solubility: miscible in water.
Stability: stable.
Risk: irritation, irritation to skin, eye.
Animal toxicity[1]: rat oral LD50: 16000mg/Kg;
mouse intraperitoneal LD50: 4192mg/Kg.
Ecology: may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability: biodegradable.
Characteristics: excellent cleansing, solubilizing abilities.
Synthesis
 
Quality standards & test methods
item
physical and chemical indexes
test methods
Actives*, %, ≥
95
 
*: should be marked on molecular weight.
Major Uses
Use as intermediate. eg: polyester, plasticizers, pharmaceuticals, dyes, surface active agents.
Use as solvent.
Use as humectant, de-icing agent.
Humectant, masking agent, conditioning agent, thickening agent, solvent in personal care products.
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]:http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/:584-03-2
Update: 20130920(1);

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