1,4-Butanediol
Time:2012-11-08 01:04:22,Count:0

1,4-Butanediol
Alias
1,4-Butylene glycol
Category
Non-ionic surfactants-Alcohol
CAS No.
110-63-4
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C4H10O2
Molecular Weight: 90.12
Structural Formula
Properties
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow liquid.
Solubility: miscible in water.
Stability: stable.
Risk: irritation, irritation to skin, eye.
Animal toxicity[1]: rat oral LD50: 1525mg/Kg;
mouse oral LD50: 2062mg/Kg;
mouse intraperitoneal LD50: 1650mg/Kg.
Human toxicity[1]: man rectal LDLo: 429mg/Kg.
Ecology: may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability: biodegradable.
Characteristics: excellent cleansing, solubilizing, dispersing abilities.
Synthesis
 
Quality standards & test methods
item
physical and chemical indexes
test methods
Actives*, %, ≥
95
 
*: should be marked on molecular weight.
Major Uses
Use as intermediate. eg: polyester, plasticizers, pharmaceuticals, dyes, surface active agents.
Use as solvent.
Use as humectant, de-icing agent.
Solvent in personal care products.
Brightening agent in electroplating.
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]:http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/:110-63-4
Update: 20130920(1);