Glycerol trioctanoate
time:2012-11-09 15:11:43,count:0

Glycerol trioctanoate
Alias
Octanoic acid, 1,1',1''-(1,2,3-propanetriyl) ester
Octanoic acid, 1,2,3-propanetriyl ester
Propane-1,2,3-triyl trioctanoate
Trioctanoin
Category
Non-ionic surfactants-Esters
CAS No.
538-23-8
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C27H50O6
Molecular Weight: 470.68
Structural Formula
Properties
Appearance: colorless liquid. low temperature: solid.
Solubility: insoluble in water.
Melting point: 10℃[1].
Stability: stable. at strong acid, strong alkali, easily hydrolyzed.
Risk: irritation, irritation to skin, eye.
Animal toxicity[1]: mouse intraperitoneal LD: > 27800mg/Kg;
mouse subcutaneous LD: > 27800mg/Kg;
mouse oral LD50: 29600mg/Kg;
mouse intravenous LD50: 3700mg/Kg;
rat intraperitoneal LD: > 27800mg/Kg;
rat subcutaneous LD: > 27800mg/Kg;
rat oral LD50: 33300mg/Kg;
rat intravenous LD50: 4000mg/Kg.
reproductive effect.
Ecology: may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability: biodegradable.
Characteristics: excellent emulsifying, dispersing, lubricating, solubilizing abilities.
Synthesis
 
Quality standards & test methods
item
physical and chemical indexes
test methods
actives*, %, ≥
95
 
*: should be marked on molecular weight.
Major Uses
Use as emulsifying agent, emulsion stabilizer.
Emollient, conditioning agent, masking agent, solvent, thickening agent in personal care products.
Use as lubricant.
Use as plasticizer.
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]:http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/: 538-23-8
Update: 20141007(1);

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