Choline chloride
time:2012-12-10 09:02:59,count:0

Choline chloride
Alias
(2-Hydroxyethyl)trimethylammonium chloride
Ethanaminium, 2-hydroxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-, chloride
Ethanaminium, 2-hydroxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-, chloride (1:1)
Category
Cationic surfactants-Quaternary ammonium salts
CAS No.
67-48-1
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C5H14ClNO
Molecular Weight: 139.62
Structural Formula
Properties
Appearance: white crystal powder.
Solubility: soluble in water.
Hygroscopicity: hygroscopic.
Stability: stable.
Risk: irritation, irritation to skin, eye.
Animal toxicity[1]: cat intravenous LDLo: 25mg/Kg;
dog intravenous LDLo: 5mg/Kg;
mouse intraperitoneal LD50: 320mg/Kg;
mouse intravenous LD50: 53mg/Kg;
mouse oral LD50: 3900mg/Kg;
mouse subcutaneous LDLo: 735mg/Kg;
rabbit intraperitoneal LDLo: 500mg/Kg;
rabbit intravenous LDLo: 1.1mg/Kg;
rabbit rectal LDLo: 1000mg/Kg;
rabbit subcutaneous LDLo: 1000mg/Kg;
rat intraperitoneal LD50: 450mg/Kg;
rat oral LD50: 3400mg/Kg.
Ecology: may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability: biodegradable.
Characteristics: excellent antistatic, dispersing abilities.
Synthesis
 
Quality standards & test methods
item
physical and chemical indexes
test methods
actives*, %, ≥
50
 
*: should be marked on molecular weight.
Major Uses
Use as pharmaceutical ingredient.
Use as feed additive.
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]:http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/:67-48-1
Update: 20140510(1);

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