Diacetone alcohol
time:2013-01-03 14:01:11,count:0

Diacetone alcohol
Alias
2-Pentanone, 4-hydroxy-4-methyl-
4-Hydroxy-4-methylpentan-2-one
Category
Non-ionic surfactants-Alcohol
CAS No.
123-42-2
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C6H12O2
Molecular Weight: 116.16
Structural Formula
Properties
Appearance: colorless liquid.
Odor: pale mint odor.
Solubility: soluble in water.
Stability: stable.
Risk: irritation, irritation to skin, eye.
Animal toxicity[1]: mouse intraperitoneal LD50: 933mg/Kg;
mouse oral LD50: 3950mg/Kg;
rabbit skin LD50: 13500mg/Kg;
rabbit intramuscular LDLo: 2792mg/Kg;
rabbit intravenous LDLo: 2792mg/Kg;
rabbit oral LDLo: 4653mg/Kg;
rat inhalation LCLo: 1000ppm/4H;
rat oral LD50: 2520mg/Kg;
rat intravenous LDLo: 3024mg/Kg.
Human toxicity[1]: human inhalation TCLO: 100/400ppm.
Ecology: may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability: biodegradable.
Characteristics: excellent dispersing, cleansing, solubilizing abilities.
Synthesis
 
Quality standards & test methods
item
physical and chemical indexes
test methods
Actives*, %, ≥
95
 
*: should be marked on molecular weight.
Major Uses
Use as solvent. eg: cellulose acetate, cellulose nitrate.
Use as cleansing agent. eg: industrial cleaning.
Use as intermediates.
Masking agent, solvent in personal care products.
Use as pharmaceutical ingredient.
Use as preservatives.
Use as antifreezing agent.
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]:http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/: 123-42-2
Update: 20130920(1);

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