Diethylene glycol
time:2013-01-04 14:48:46,count:0
Diethylene glycol
Alias
2,2'-Oxybisethanol
2,2'-Oxydiethanol
DEG
Category
Non-ionic surfactants-Ether
CAS No.
111-46-6
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C4H10O3
Molecular Weight: 106.12
Structural Formula
Properties
Appearance: colorless liquid.
Solubility: soluble in water.
Stability: stable.
Risk: irritation, irritation to skin, eye.
Animal toxicity[1]: cat oral LD50: 3300mg/Kg;
dog oral LD50: 9000mg/Kg;
guinea pig oral LD50: 7800mg/Kg;
mouse inhalation LCLo: 130mg/m3/2H;
mouse intraperitoneal LD50: 9719mg/Kg;
mouse oral LD50: 23700mg/Kg;
mouse subcutaneous LDLo: 5000mg/Kg;
rabbit oral LD50: 4400mg/Kg;
rabbit skin LD50: 11890mg/Kg;
rabbit intramuscular LDLo: 4472mg/Kg;
rabbit intravenous LDLo: 2236mg/Kg;
rat intraperitoneal LD50: 7700mg/Kg;
rat intravenous LD50: 6565mg/Kg;
rat oral LD50: 12565mg/Kg;
rat subcutaneous LD50: 18800mg/Kg;
rat intramuscular LDLo: 7826mg/Kg.
reproductive effect.
Human toxicity[1]: child oral TDLo: 2400mg/Kg; human oral LDLo: 1000mg/Kg.
Ecology: may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability: biodegradable.
Characteristics: excellent cleansing, solubilizing, dispersing abilities.
Synthesis
 
Quality standards & test methods
item
physical and chemical indexes
test methods
Actives*, %, ≥
95
 
*: should be marked on molecular weight.
Major Uses
Use as intermediates. eg: synthesis of polyurethane, polyester, plasticizers, surfactants.
Use as solvent.
Use as antifreezing agent.
Use as cleansing agent.
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]:http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/: 111-46-6
Update: 20130920(1);

 

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