Triacetin
time:2013-04-01 00:44:29,count:0
Triacetin
Alias
1,2,3-Propanetriol, 1,2,3-triacetate
1,2,3-Propanetriol, triacetate
Category
Non-ionic surfactants-Esters
CAS No.
102-76-1
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C9H14O6
Molecular Weight: 218.20
Structural Formula
Properties
Appearance: liquid.
Solubility: soluble in water; 25℃, 58g/L[1].
Stability: stable. at strong acid, strong alkali, easily hydrolyzed.
Risk: irritation, irritation to skin, eye.
Animal toxicity[1]: dog intravenous LD50: 1500mg/Kg;
frog oral LDLo: 150mg/Kg;
guinea pig intramuscular LDLo: 1740mg/Kg;
mouse intraperitoneal LD50: 1400mg/Kg;
mouse intravenous LD50: 1600mg/Kg;
mouse oral LD50: 1100mg/Kg;
mouse subcutaneous LD50: 2300mg/Kg;
rabbit intravenous LD50: 750mg/Kg;
rat intraperitoneal LD50: 2100mg/Kg;
rat oral LD50: 3000mg/Kg;
rat subcutaneous LD50: 2800mg/Kg.
Ecology: may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability: biodegradable.
Characteristics: excellent antimicrobial, dispersing, emulsifying, solubilizing abilities.
Synthesis
 
Quality standards & test methods
item
physical and chemical indexes
test methods
actives*, %, ≥
95
 
*: should be marked on molecular weight.
Major Uses
Use as plasticizer.
Use as bactericide.
Use as dispersing agent, emulsion stabilizer.
Use as solvent, cleansing agent.
Bactericidal agent, plasticizer, solvent in personal care products.
Use as pharmaceutical ingredient.
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]:http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/: 102-76-1
Update: 20141007(1);

 

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