Triethyl Citrate
time:2013-04-01 01:00:44,count:0
Triethyl Citrate
Alias
1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, 1,2,3-triethyl ester
Category
Non-ionic surfactants-Esters
CAS No.
77-93-0
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C12H20O7
Molecular Weight: 276.28
Structural Formula
Properties
Appearance: liquid.
Solubility: soluble in water.
Stability: stable. at strong acid, strong alkali, easily hydrolyzed.
Risk: irritation, irritation to skin, eye.
Animal toxicity[1]: cat oral LD50: 3500mg/Kg;
guinea pig oral LD50: > 25mL/Kg;
mouse intraperitoneal LD50: 1750mg/Kg;
rabbit skin LD50: > 5000mg/Kg;
rat inhalation LC50: 1300ppm/6H;
rat intraperitoneal LD50: 4000mg/Kg;
rat oral LD50: 5900mg/Kg;
rat subcutaneous LD50: 6600mg/Kg.
Ecology: may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability: biodegradable.
Characteristics: excellent dispersing, emulsifying, lubricating abilities.
Synthesis
 
Quality standards & test methods
item
physical and chemical indexes
test methods
actives*, %, ≥
95
 
*: should be marked on molecular weight.
Major Uses
Use as plasticizer.
Use as dispersing agent, emulsion stabilizer.
Use as lubricant.
Plasticizer, emollient, solvent, masking agent in personal care products.
Use as pharmaceutical ingredient.
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]:http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/: 77-93-0
Update: 20141022(1);

 

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