Diethanolamine
time:2013-04-30 01:21:04,count:0
Diethanolamine
Alias
N,N-Diethanolamine
2,2'-Iminodiethanol
DEA
Category
Non-ionic surfactants-Amine
CAS No.
111-42-2
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C4H11NO2
Molecular Weight: 105.14
Structural Formula
Properties
Appearance: (1), solid; (2), liquid.
Solubility: soluble in water.
Stability: stable.
Risk: irritation, irritation to skin, eye.
Animal toxicity[1]: guinea pig oral LD50: 2000mg/Kg;
guinea pig skin LD50: 11.9mL/Kg;
mouse intraperitoneal LD50: 210mg/Kg;
mouse oral LD50: 3300mg/Kg;
rabbit oral LD50: 2200mg/Kg;
rabbit skin LD50: 7.64mL/Kg;
rat intramuscular LD50: 1500mg/Kg;
rat intraperitoneal LD50: 120mg/Kg;
rat intravenous LD50: 778mg/Kg;
rat oral LD50: 0.62mL/Kg;
rat subcutaneous LD50: 2200mg/Kg.
reproductive effect.
Ecology: may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability: biodegradable.
Characteristics: excellent antistatic, dispersing, anticorrosive, lubricating, cleansing, emulsifying abilities.
Synthesis
 
Quality standards & test methods
item
physical and chemical indexes
test methods
Actives*, %, ≥
95
 
*: should be marked on molecular weight.
Major Uses
Use as antistatic agent.
Use as emulsion stabilizer, dispersing agent.
Use as corrosion inhibitor, lubricant.
Use as intermediates in organic synthesis.
Use as cleansing agent.
Use as solvent.
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]:http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/: 111-42-2
Update: 20130924(1);

 

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