Xylene sulfonic acid
Time: 2013-05-31 02:09:37
Xylene sulfonic acid
Synonyms
Benzenesulfonic acid, dimethyl-;
Xylenesulphonic acid;
Category
Anionic Surfactant
>> Sulfonate
>> Aryl Sulfonate
>> Phenyl Sulfonate
>> Linear Alkylphenyl Sulfonate
Chemical Numbering System
CASRN25321-41-9
EINECS246-839-8
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C8H10O3S
Molecular Weight: 186.23
Structure
Properties
Appearance    (1), solid.
Solubility    soluble in water.
Stability    stable.
Risk    Solid form: corrosion; flammable material; irritation, moderate irritation to skin, eye. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.
GHS (Rev.6) label:   
Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability    biodegradable.
Characteristics    excellent hydrotropic, viscosity reducing, pour point depressing, anti-caking, dispersing, emulsifying, wetting, cleansing abilities.
Synthesis
Currently, sulfonation reaction through continuous reactor (such as: falling film reactor) is the most widely used method for preparing sulfonates.
Generally, xylene and sulfur trioxide react through reactor, then obtain product.
US patent 8,921,588 (Process for preparing sulfates and/or sulfonates in a micro-reaction system) presents a synthetic process. Conditions: mole ratio of sulfur trioxide and alkyl benzenes or other raw materials: 1:1; temperature: 30-60°C; reactor: falling film reactor.
Quality Standards & Test Methods
1. Physical and chemical indexes
Item
Physical and chemical indexes
Solid
Actives, %, ≥
90.0
pH (25°C, 1%)
7.0 - 10.5
Test Methods
(1), Actives
GB/T 5173 Surface active agents and detergents-Determination of anionic-active matter by direct two-phase titration procedure
ISO 2271 Surface active agents -- Detergents -- Determination of anionic-active matter by manual or mechanical direct two-phase titration procedure
(2), pH
GB/T 6368 Surface active agents - Determination of pH of aqueous solution - Potentiometric method
ISO 4316 Surface active agents -- Determination of pH of aqueous solutions -- Potentiometric method
2. Hazardous substances indexes
Item
Hazardous substances indexes
Solid
Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤
20
As, mg/Kg, ≤
3
Test Methods
(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals
(2), As
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic
3. Further explanation
(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.
(b), Used in cosmetics, should be test for harmful substances; or furtherly test for microorganisms.
Major Uses
1. Typical applications
Use as hydrotrope.
Use as auxilialy emulsifying agent, auxilialy dispersing agent.
Use as cleansing agent.
2. Household detergents
Use as hydrotrope, anticoagulant, anti-caking agent. For example: washing powder.
3. Industrial cleaning agents
Use as hydrotrope, anticoagulant, anti-caking agent.
4. Personal care products
Use as hydrotrope.
5. Pets
Use as hydrotrope.
6. Organic synthesis
Use as intermediates in organic synthesis.
Manufacturers
 
Update: 20131025(1); 20170426(2);