TEA-tridecylbenzenesulfonate
Time: 2013-05-31 02:12:37

TEA-tridecylbenzenesulfonate

Synonyms

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid, compd. with 2,2',2''-nitrilotris(ethanol) (1:1);

Triethanolamine tridecylbenzenesulfonate;

Category

Anionic Surfactant

> Sulfonate

>> Aryl Sulfonate

>>> Phenyl Sulfonate

>>>> Linear Alkylphenyl Sulfonate

Chemical Numbering System

CASRN61886-59-7

EINECS263-296-2

Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight

Molecular Formula: C25H47NO6S; C19H32O3S.C6H15N1O3

Molecular Weight: 489.71

Structure

Properties

Appearance    (1), liquid.

Solubility    soluble in water.

Stability    stable.

Risk    Liquid form: irritation, moderate irritation to skin, eye.

GHS (Rev.7) label: 

Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.

Biodegradability    biodegradable.

Characteristics    excellent cleansing, foaming, emulsifying, wetting, dispersing, solubilizing abilities.

Note    (1), Should not be used in children products that can be direct prolonged contact with the skin, such as: skin care products.

(2), Avoid using in children cleaning products, such as: shampoos.

(3), Do not use in nitrosating environment. Reaction of triethanolamine and nitrous acid can not produce nitrosamines, however, reaction of contained secondary amine of triethanolamine and nitrous acid can produce nitrosamines. Nitrosamine is a carcinogen.

Synthesis

Currently, sulfonation reaction through continuous reactor (such as: falling film reactor) is the most widely used method for preparing sulfonates.

Generally, tridecylbenzene and sulfur trioxide react through reactor, then triethanolamine neutralizes, finally obtain product.

US patent 8,921,588 (Process for preparing sulfates and/or sulfonates in a micro-reaction system) presents a synthetic process. Conditions: mole ratio of sulfur trioxide and alkyl benzenes or other raw materials: 1:1; temperature: 30-60°C; reactor: falling film reactor.

Quality Standards & Test Methods

1, Physical and chemical indexes

Item

Physical and chemical indexes

Liquid

Actives, %, ≥

30.0

pH (25°C, 1%)

7.0 - 11.5

Test Methods

(1), Actives

GB/T 5173 Surface active agents and detergents-Determination of anionic-active matter by direct two-phase titration procedure

ISO 2271 Surface active agents -- Detergents -- Determination of anionic-active matter by manual or mechanical direct two-phase titration procedure

(2), pH

GB/T 6368 Surface active agents - Determination of pH of aqueous solution - Potentiometric method

ISO 4316 Surface active agents -- Determination of pH of aqueous solutions -- Potentiometric method

2, Hazardous substances indexes

Item

Hazardous substances indexes

Liquid

Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤

20

As, mg/Kg, ≤

3

Test Methods

(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals

(2), As

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic

3, Further explanation

(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.

(b), Used in cosmetics, should be test for harmful substances; or furtherly test for microorganisms.

Major Uses

1, Typical applications

Use as cleansing agent.

Use as emulsifying agent, dispersing agent.

2, Household detergents

Use as cleansing agent, foaming agent.

3, Industrial cleaning agents

Use as cleansing agent.

4, Emulsion polymerization

Emulsifier, particle size controlling agent in emulsion polymerization.

5, Personal care products

Use as cleansing agent.

*  *  *  *  *  *

Further information:

(1), In accordance with EU regulations (EC) No 1223/2009, directive 2003/83/EC, triethanolamine and its salts are included in Annex III/62.

Can be applied to leave-on products and rinse-off products.

Maximum concentration is 2.5% in leave-on products (as triethanolamine).

In raw materials, maximum secondary amine content is 0.5%.

Maximum nitrosamine content is 50μg/kg.

The container is nitrite-free.

Manufacturers

 

Update: 20131025(1); 20170426(2);