Ammonium 2-ethylhexyl sulphate
Time: 2013-06-03 02:19:04
Ammonium 2-ethylhexyl sulphate
Synonyms
Ammonium 2-ethylhexyl sulfate;
Sulfuric acid, mono(2-ethylhexyl) ester, ammonium salt;
Sulfuric acid, mono(2-ethylhexyl) ester, ammonium salt (1:1);
Category
Anionic Surfactant
>> Sulfate
>> Chain Alcohol Sulfate
>> Alkanol Sulfate
>> Branched Alkanol Sulfate
Chemical Numbering System
CAS RN70495-37-3
EINECS274-625-4
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C8H21NO4S; C8H18O4S.H3N (SciFinder Hill Rules)
Molecular Weight: 227.32
Structure
Properties
Appearance    (1), solid; (2), liquid.
Solubility    soluble in water.
Stability    stable in weak acid and hard water; unstable in strong acid, hydrolyzed, reduced to alcohol. At alkali, release ammonia.
Risk    Solid form: flammable material; irritation, irritation to skin, eye, respiratory. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.
GHS (Rev.6) label:  
Liquid form: irritation, irritation to skin, eye.
GHS (Rev.6) label:
Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability    biodegradable.
Characteristics    excellent wetting, permeating, cleansing, emulsifying, hydrotropic, dispersing, solubilizing, foam stabilizing abilities. Resistant to hard water.
Note    (1), Avoid using in children cleaning products, such as: shower gels, shampoo, skin care products.
Synthesis
Currently, sulfated reaction through continuous reactor (such as: falling film reactor) is the most widely used method for preparing sulfates.
Generally, 2-ethylhexyl alcohol and sulfur trioxide react through reactor, then ammonia water neutralizes, finally obtain product.
US patent 8,921,588 (Process for preparing sulfates and/or sulfonates in a micro-reaction system) presents a synthetic process. Conditions: mole ratio of sulfur trioxide and alcohols or other raw materials: 1:1; temperature: 30-60°C; reactor: falling film reactor.
US patent 6,060,443 (Mid-chain branched alkyl sulfate surfactants) also presents some synthesis processes of branched chain sulfate.
US patent 6,455,488 (Process of making alkyl sulfate granulates) describes the preparation of a particulate alkyl sulfate, but does not involve the synthesis process.
US patent US 6,331,645 (Process for preparing powdery alkyl sulfates) describes the preparation of a powdery alkyl sulfate, but does not involve the synthesis process.
Quality Standards & Test Methods
1. Physical and chemical indexes
Item
Physical and chemical indexes
Liquid
Actives, %, ≥
30.0
pH (25°C, 10% solution)
4.0 - 7.0
Test Methods
(1), Actives
GB/T 5173 Surface active agents and detergents-Determination of anionic-active matter by direct two-phase titration procedure
ISO 2271 Surface active agents -- Detergents -- Determination of anionic-active matter by manual or mechanical direct two-phase titration procedure
(2), pH
GB/T 6368 Surface active agents - Determination of pH of aqueous solution - Potentiometric method
ISO 4316 Surface active agents -- Determination of pH of aqueous solutions -- Potentiometric method
2. Hazardous substances indexes
Item
Hazardous substances indexes
Solid
Liquid
Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤
20
20
As, mg/Kg, ≤
3
3
Test Methods
(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals
(2), As
Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)
GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic
3. Further explanation
(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.
Major Uses
1. Typical applications
Use as wetting agent, permeating agent widely.
Use as hydrotrope.
2. Household detergents
Use as cleansing agent.
3. Industrial cleaning agents
Use as cleansing agent, wetting agent.
4. Textile
Use as wetting agent, cleansing agent.
5. Emulsion polymerization
Emulsifier, particle size controlling agent in emulsion polymerization.
Manufacturers
 
Update: 20131018(1); 20161017(2);