Niacin
time:2013-07-16 02:10:49,count:0

 

Niacin
Alias
3-Pyridinecarboxylic acid
Nicotinic acid
Category
Zwitterionic surfactants-Amino acid
CAS No.
59-67-6
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C6H5NO2
Molecular Weight: 123.11
Structural Formula
Properties
Appearance: solid.
Solubility: soluble in water.
Stability: stable.
Risk: irritation, irritation to skin, eye.
Animal toxicity[1]: guinea pig intravenous LDLo: 3500mg/Kg;
                                 mouse intraperitoneal LD50: 358mg/Kg;
                                 mouse intravenous LD50: 5000mg/Kg;
                                 mouse oral LD50: 3720mg/Kg;
                                 mouse subcutaneous LD50: 3500mg/Kg;
                                 rabbit oral LD50: 4550mg/Kg;
                                 rat intraperitoneal LD50: 730mg/Kg;
                                 rat oral LD50: 7000mg/Kg;
                                 rat subcutaneous LD50: 5000mg/Kg;
                                 rat intravenous LDLo: 3500mg/Kg.
Human toxicity[1]: man intravenous TDLo: 0.357mg/Kg;
                                 man oral TDLo: 2571mg/Kg/90D;
                                 man oral TDLo: 9713mg/Kg/58W;
                                 man oral TDLo: 31200mg/Kg/78.
Ecology: May be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability: Biodegradable.
Characteristics: excellent emulsifying dispersing, cleansing, antistatic abilities. micronutrient. growth substance.
Synthesis
 
Quality standards & test methods
item
physical and chemical indexes
test methods
actives, %,≥
95
 
Major Uses
Use as pharmaceutical ingredient.
Use as cleansing agent.
Use as nutritional supplement.
Use as emulsifying agent, dispersing agent.
Soothing agent, antistatic agent in personal care products.
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]:http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/: 59-67-6

 

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