Sulfuric acid, mono-C12-14-alkyl esters, compds. with diethanolamine
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Note    (1), Do not use in personal care products.
(2), Do not use in nitrosating environment. Reaction of diethanolamine and nitrous acid can produce nitrosamines. Nitrosamine is a carcinogen.
Synthesis
Currently, sulfated reaction through continuous reactor (such as: falling film reactor) is the most widely used method for preparing sulfates.
Generally, C12-14 alkyl alcohol and sulfur trioxide react through reactor, then diethanolamine neutralizes, finally obtain product.
US patent 8,921,588 (Process for preparing sulfates and/or sulfonates in a micro-reaction system) presents a synthetic process. Conditions: mole ratio of sulfur trioxide and alcohols or other raw materials: 1:1; temperature: 30-60°C; reactor: falling film reactor.
Quality Standards & Test Methods
1. Physical and chemical indexes
Item
Physical and chemical indexes
Liquid
Actives, %, ≥
30.0
pH (25°C, 1% solution)
7.0 - 10.5
Test Methods