Morpholine
time:2013-11-22 22:16:51,count:0

Morpholine
Alias
1-Oxa-4-azacyclohexane
Category
Non-ionic surfactants-Amine
CAS No.
110-91-8
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: C4H9NO
Molecular Weight: 87.12
Structural Formula
Properties
Appearance: colorless liquid.
Solubility: soluble in water.
Stability: stable.
Risk: irritation, irritation to skin, eye.
Animal toxicity[1]: guinea pig oral LDLo: 100mg/Kg;
mouse inhalation LC50: 1320mg/m3/2H;
mouse intraperitoneal LD50: 413mg/Kg;
mouse oral LD50: 525mg/Kg;
mouse subcutaneous LD50: 458mg/Kg;
rabbit skin LD50: 0.5mL/Kg;
rat inhalation LC50: 8000ppm/8H;
rat oral LD50: 1450mg/Kg.
Overall carcinogenic evaluation (Human): Group 3.
Ecology: may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.
Biodegradability: biodegradable.
Characteristics: excellent cleansing, antistatic, dispersing, emulsifying, lubricating, anticorrosive abilities.
Synthesis
 
Quality standards & test methods
item
physical and chemical indexes
test methods
Actives*, %, ≥
95
 
*: should be marked on molecular weight.
Major Uses
Use as solvent. eg: resins, waxes.
Use as cleansing agent, optical brightening agent. eg: metal cleaning, polishing agents.
Use as emulsifying agent, dispersing agent.
Use as antirust agent, corrosion inhibitor.
Use as lubricant.
Use as intermediates in organic synthesis.
Manufacturers
 
References
[1]:http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/: 110-91-8

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