Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, morpholine salt
Time: 2015-06-11 23:33:39

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, morpholine salt

Synonyms

Benzamorf;

Benzenesulfonic acid, dodecyl-, compd. with morpholine (1:1);

Category

Anionic Surfactant

> Sulfonate

>> Aryl Sulfonate

>>> Phenyl Sulfonate

>>>> Linear Alkylphenyl Sulfonate

Chemical Numbering System

CASRN12068-08-5

EINECS235-090-2

Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight

Molecular Formula: C22H39NO4S; C18H30O3S.C4H9N1O1

Molecular Weight: 413.61

Structure

Properties

Appearance    (1), liquid.

Solubility    soluble in water.

Stability    stable.

Risk    Liquid form: irritation, moderate irritation to skin, eye.

GHS (Rev.7) label: 

Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.

Biodegradability    biodegradable.

Characteristics    excellent cleansing, foaming, emulsifying, wetting, dispersing, solubilizing, antibacterial, antibacterial abilities.

Synthesis

Currently, sulfonation reaction through continuous reactor (such as: falling film reactor) is the most widely used method for preparing sulfonates.

Generally, dodecylbenzene and sulfur trioxide react through reactor, then morpholine neutralizes, finally obtain product.

US patent 8,921,588 (Process for preparing sulfates and/or sulfonates in a micro-reaction system) presents a synthetic process. Conditions: mole ratio of sulfur trioxide and alkyl benzenes or other raw materials: 1:1; temperature: 30-60°C; reactor: falling film reactor.

Quality Standards & Test Methods

1, Physical and chemical indexes

Item

Physical and chemical indexes

Liquid

Actives, %, ≥

25.0 - 90.0

pH (25°C, 1%)

7.0 - 11.0

Test Methods

(1), Actives

GB/T 5173 Surface active agents and detergents-Determination of anionic-active matter by direct two-phase titration procedure

ISO 2271 Surface active agents -- Detergents -- Determination of anionic-active matter by manual or mechanical direct two-phase titration procedure

(2), pH

GB/T 6368 Surface active agents - Determination of pH of aqueous solution - Potentiometric method

ISO 4316 Surface active agents -- Determination of pH of aqueous solutions -- Potentiometric method

2, Hazardous substances indexes

Item

Hazardous substances indexes

Liquid

Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/Kg, ≤

20

As, mg/Kg, ≤

3

Test Methods

(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents - Determination of heavy metals

(2), As

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents - Determination of total arsenic

3, Further explanation

(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.

Major Uses

1, Typical applications

Use as cleansing agent.

Use as emulsifying agent, dispersing agent.

Use as foaming agent.

Use as antibacterial agent.

2, Industrial cleaning agents

Use as cleansing agent, emulsifying agent.

3, Emulsion polymerization

Emulsifier, particle size controlling agent in emulsion polymerization.

4, Agriculture

Use as pesticide.

Manufacturers

 

Update: 20170522(1);